कोरोना महामारी के कारण कई लोगों को अपना रोजगार छोड़कर अपना गृह राज्य वापस आने को मजबूर हो गए। इस महामारी के कारण प्रवासी मजदूरों ने जो अपना रोजगार खोया है इसके लिए सरकार के पास प्रवासी कामगारों के लिए नौकरी के क्या योजनाएं हैं? इस सवाल का जवाब देते हुए श्रम और रोजगार राज्य मंत्री ने यह कहा कि प्रवासी मजदूरों को पुनः रोजगार प्रदान करने के लिए 20 जून 2020 को ही प्रधान मंत्री गरीब कल्याण रोजगार अभियान को प्रारंभ किया गया था। इसके तहत गांवो में टिकाऊ ग्रामीण अवसंरचना पर तथा इन्टरनेट जैसी आधुनिक सुविधाएं उपलब्ध कराने पर फोकस किया गया है। प्रवासी श्रमिकों को उनकी कौशल मैपिंग की जा रही है।
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 432
TO BE ANSWERED ON 16.09.2020
JOB FOR MIGRANT WORKERS
432. SHRI NARAIN DASS GUPTA:
Will the Minister of Labour and Employment be pleased to state:
(a)whether it is a fact that a mass homeward migration of migrant workers took place in the country during the COVID-19 related lockdown;
(b)if so, how many migrant workers have been forced to return back to their native States; and
(c)whether the Ministry has any data to show if they are being provided with jobs in their native States?
MINISTER OF STATE (IC) FOR LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
(SHRI SANTOSH KUMAR GANGWAR)
(a) & (b): A table showing information homeward migrant workers State-wise is Annexed. This information is based on data collected from the States.
(c): To boost employment and livelihood opportunities for migrant workers returning to villages, in the wake of COVID-19 outbreak, Government of India has launched Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan on 20th June 2020. The Abhiyaan focuses on durable rural infrastructure and providing modern facilities like internet in the villages. Skill Mapping of the rural migrant labour is being done to help them work closer home. The Abhiyaan involves intensified and focused implementation of 25 target driven works to provide employment and create infrastructure in the rural areas of 116 districts of 6 States with a resource envelope of Rs 50,000 crore. As per the data available, total employment generated (in days) under Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan from 20th June 2020 till date is 26,34,23,281 days with a total expenditure of Rs. 22,761 crore. Apart from this, the Ministry of Women and Child Development has launched various schemes for migrant workers who have returned to their native places. One of the schemes is Anganwadi services which has been extended to children of migrant workers.
Ministry of Food Processing Industries have sanctioned 700 food processing/preservation and infrastructure projects in which migrant labourers may get employment.
To provide employment to the migrant workers Ministry of Transport and Highways has identified the ongoing works/new works for the road construction. Ministry of Steel assisted migrant workers and their families with food packets and face mask, milk powder etc.
The Department of Bio Technology has set up 30 Biotech – Kisan hubs in the country covering all Agroclimatic zones, 150 Districts including 101 aspirational districts which will help migrant workers to earn their livelihood through farming and expose them to the innovative methods of farming of high value crops.